Tanzania Fisheries Research Institute (TAFIRI) was established by the Act of Parliament No. 6 of 1980 to promote, conduct, and co-ordinate fisheries research in Tanzania. The idea of establishing TAFIRI came after the collapse of the East African Community in 1977. Before the collapse, the Community had several functions, among which include fisheries research and development.
After the collapse of the Community, all matters related to fisheries and fisheries research were vested to the Fisheries Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism. Since the Fisheries Department is not mandated to carrying out research, it was deemed necessary to establish a fisheries research institution, which should cater for fisheries research in the country.
However, the Institute never operated independently until the Board of Directors was named in May, and the Director General appointed in August 1983. The Institute's headquarters is located at the newly built (2005) Coelacanth House in Kunduchi (Dar es Salaam).
Kigoma Centre being one of the four centers was established in 1973 by the Ministry of Tourism, Natural Resources, and the Environment with the aim of assessing the fishery on Lake Tanganyika. For the first five years, Kigoma Centre was run in collaboration with the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).
TAFIRI Kigoma Centre is located on the eastern shore (in kigoma Municipality) of the most glorious places on the planet Lake Tanganyika. Lake Tanganyika is well known for its clear waters and stunning biodiversity which include some 300+ colorful cichlid fish species which are known around the globe in the aquarium business. The lake is also known for its product pelagic fisheries supporting over one million people in terms of cheap fish protein and income.However,the lake is being affected by climate change and warming which together with fishing effort and sedimentation from the catchment are the changing the ecosystem function and balance, thereby affecting the fisheries sustainability.It is in these setting TAFIRI Kigoma is operating to advise the government of the United Republic of Tanzania in ensuring that the fisheries is sustainable and that the lake continue to provide services to the communities.
Human activities (such as illegal fishing methods/gears, poor agricultural practices, mining, deforestation, biomass burning) and natural processes have an impact on sustainability of aquatic ecosystems. Therefore, research is needed to understand their current status, and how human activities and natural processes may affect ecosystem components, structure and functioning in the future in order to devise mitigation measures.
Climate change has significant impacts on aquatic ecosystems. It modifies biological, chemical and physical conditions in the marine and freshwater, which affects the sustainability of human uses of aquatic resource. Consequently, research is needed for better understanding, detecting, and forecasting changes and providing scientific information for developing mitigation strategies.
With increasing fishing pressure and declining fish catches in the wild stocks, attention is now turned into developing aquaculture systems capable of meeting demand of growing human population. Therefore, there is a need to carry out research on the development of high efficiency and environmental friendly culture technology and identify new species that can be efficiently cultured.
Capture fisheries resource are highly diverse and their sustainability depend on responsible management decisions based on the best scientific information available. To arrive to the best scientific advice, a number of researches in the EEZ, territorial waters, rivers, large and small water bodies (including satellite lakes) are required. This encompasses the status of fish stocks which include their biology and ecology, exploitation patterns, gears and methods used.
Fisheries management encompasses a number of socio-economic factors which impact the validity and effectiveness of the best scientific advises. Consequently, understanding the socio-economic aspects of the fishery and how are linked to the overall policies and fisheries management measures is very essential. Also the contribution of fisheries in the national economy and food security is under reported due to inadequate socio-economic information and research. Sustainability of fisheries resource is influenced by socio-economic as well as politics.
TAFIRI Kigoma Centre is currently collaborating with the University of Aarhus (Denmark), Illinois State University (USA), University of Dar es Salaam (Tanzania) and Enavigo Consult a/s (Denmark) in a project called CLEAT to monitor and profile climate impacts to the lake hydrodynamics and fisheries production
TAFIRI Kigoma is collaborating with MATIS Iceland to reduce greenhouse gases emissions and deforestation by advocating the use of energy efficient combined solar dryer and smoker for processing fishes in the lake thereby reducing post-harvest loss and adding value to the fish products.
|2016||Sweke E.A, Kobayashi Y., Makino M. and Sakurai Y. (2016). Comparative job satisfaction of fishers in northeast Hokkaido, Japan for coastal fisheries management and aquaculture development. Ocean and Coastal Management 120:170–179 visit source|
|2016||Sweke E.A, Assam J.M., Chande A.I., Mbonde A., Mosha M. and Mtui A. (2016). Comparing the performance of protected and unprotected areas in conserving freshwater fish abundance and biodiversity in Lake Tanganyika, Tanzania. International Journal of Biodiversity 2016, Article ID 7139689, 1–7 visit source|
|2016||Mziray P and Kimirei IA (2016) Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in marine fishes (Siganus sutor, Lethrinus harak, and Rastrelliger kanagurta) from Dar es Salaam Tanzania. Regional Studies in Marine Science 7:72-80. doi:10.1016/j.rsma.2016.05.014 visit source|
|2015||Kimirei IA, Nagelkerken I, Slooter N, Gonzalez ET, Huijbers CM, Mgaya YD, Rypel AL (2015) Demography of fish populations reveals new challenges in1 appraising juvenile habitat values. Marine Ecology Progress Series 518:225-237|
|2015||Su Y., Sweke E.A., Denboh T., Ueda H. and Matsuishi T. (2015). Stock Assessment of Sockeye salmon Oncorhynchus nerka by Using Adaptive Framework Virtual Population Analysis. Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi 81: 418–428 visit source|
|2015||Sweke E.A., Su Y., Baba S., Denboh T., Ueda H., Sakurai Y. and Matsuishi T. (2015). Catch per Unit Effort Estimation and Factors Influencing it From Recreational Angling of Sockeye Salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka), and management implications in Lake Toya, Japan. Lakes & Reservoirs: Research and Management 20: 1–11 visit source|
|2014||Igulu MM, Nagelkerken I, Dorenbosch M, Grol MG, Harborne AR, Kimirei IA, Mumby PJ, Olds AD, Mgaya YD (2014) Mangrove Habitat Use by Juvenile Reef Fish: Meta-Analysis Reveals that Tidal Regime Matters More than Biogeographic Region. PloS one 9:e114715|
|2014||Loiselle S., Cozar A., Adgo E., Ballatore T., Chavula G., Descy J.-P, Harper D., Kansiime F., Kimirei I.A., Langenberg V., Ma R., Sarmento H., Odada, E. (2014) Decadal Trends and Common Dynamics of the Bio-Optical and Thermal Characteristics of the African Great Lakes. PLoS ONE 9(4): e93656. doi:10.|
|2013||Sweke E.A., Assam J.M., Matsuishi T. and Chande A.I. (2013). Fish Diversity and Abundance of Lake Tanganyika: Comparison between Protected Area (Mahale Mountains National Park) and Unprotected Areas. International Journal of Biodiversity 2013: 1–10 visit source|
|2013||Kimirei I.A., Nagelkerken I., Mgaya Y.D., Huijbers, C.M. (2013). The Mangrove Nursery Paradigm Revisited: Otolith Stable Isotopes Support Nursery-to-Reef Movements by Indo- Pacific Fishes. PLoS ONE 8(6): e66320. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0066320|
|2013||Kimirei, I. A., Nagelkerken, I., Trommelen, M., Blankers, P., Hoytema, N., Hoeijmakers, D., Huijbers, C. M., Mgaya, Y. D., Rypel, A. L. (2013). What Drives Ontogenetic Niche Shifts of Fishes in Coral Reef Ecosystems? Ecosystems 16: 783-796. DOI: 10.1007/s10021-013-9645-4|
|2012||Ngupula, G. W., Ezekiel, C. N., Kimirei, I. A., Mboni, E., and Kashindye, B. (2012) Physical and chemical characteristics of the Tanzanian inshore and offshore waters of Lake Victoria in 2005-2008. African Journal of Aquatic Science 37(3):339-345|
|2011||Kimirei, I. A.; Nagelkerken, I., Griffioen, B., Wagner, C., and Mgaya, Y. D. (2011). Ontogenetic habitat use by mangrove/seagrass-associated coral reef fishes shows flexibility in time and space. Estuarine, coast and Shelf Science 92:47-58|
|2010||Descy, J.-P., Tarbe, A.-L., Stenuite, S., Pirlot, S., Stimart, J., Vanderheyden, J., Leporcq, B., Stoyneva, M.P., Kimirei, I. A., Sinyinza, and D., Plisnier, P.-D. (2010). Drivers of phytoplankton diversity in Lake Tanganyika. Hydrobiologia 653:29-44|
|2009||Plisnier, P.-D., Mgana, H., Kimirei, I. A., Chande, A. I, Makasa, L., Chimanga, J., Zulu, F., Cocquyt, C., Horion, S., Bergamino, N., Naithani, J., Deleersnijder, E., Andre´, L., Descy, J.-P., Cornet, Y., (2009). Limnological variability and pelagic fish abundance (Stolothrissa tanganicae and Lates stappersii) in Lake Tanganyika. Hydrobiologia 625: 117-134|
|2008||Kimirei, I. A., Mgaya, Y. D., and Chande, A. I. (2008) Changes in species composition and abundance of commercially important pelagic fish species in Kigoma area, Lake Tanganyika, Tanzania. Aquatic Ecosystem Health and Management 11:29-35|
|2007||Kimirei, I. A. and Mgaya, Y. D. (2007) Influence of environmental factors on seasonal changes in clupeid catches in the Kigoma area of Lake Tanganyika. African Journal of Aquatic Sciences 32: 291-298|
|2006||Kimirei, I. A. and Mgaya, Y. D. (2006) Assessment of Lates stappersii (Centropomidae) stock in lift-net fishery in Lake Tanganyika, Kigoma, Tanzania.Tanzania Journal of Science 32:1-12|
|2005||Alleman, L. Y., Cardinal, D., Cocquyt, C. C., Plisnier, P.-D., Descy, J.-P, Kimirei, I. A., Sinyenza, D., and Andre, L. (2005). Silicon isotopic fractionation in Lake Tanganyika and its main tributaries. Journal of Great Lakes Research 31:509-519|
|2005||J.-P. Descy, M.-A. Hardy, S. Stenuite, S. Pirlot, B. Leporcq, I. A. Kimirei, B. Sekadende, S.R. Mwaitega and D. Sinyenza (2005). Phytoplankton pigments and community composition in Lake Tanganyika. Freshwater Biology 50:668-684.|
|2005||Chitamwebwa, D. B. R. and Kimirei, I. A. (2005). Present fish catch trends at Kigoma, Tanzania. Verhandlungen der Internationalen Vereinigung Limnologie 29:373-376.|
|2003||Alleman, L.Y., Cardinal, D., Kimirei, I. A., Andre, L. (2003). Distribution and implication of silicon isotopic composition in marine and freshwaters. Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta 67, A12-A12.|
|2002||Descy, J.-P., P.-D. Plisnier, L. Alleman, L. Andre, D. Chitamwebwa, C. Cocquyt, E. Deleersnijder, I. A. Kimirei, J. Naithani, H. Phiri, D. Sinyenza & W. Vyverman (2002). Climate variability as recorded in Lake Tanganyika (CLIMLAKE). Bulletin of the International Decade for East African Lakes 3-5.|
|2015||Chen, S. S. and Kimirei, I. A. (Eds.) (2015) Demonstration Research on Comprehensive Water Quality Monitoring in the Lake Tanganyika Basin. CSTEC and NIGLAS, Nanjing, China. 97p|
|2016||Kimirei IA, Igulu MM, Semba M, Lugendo BR. 2016. Small Estuarine and Non-Estuarine Mangrove Ecosystems of Tanzania: Overlooked Coastal Habitats? In: Diop S, Scheren P, Ferdinand Machiwa J editors. Estuaries: A Lifeline of Ecosystem Services in the Western Indian Ocean. Cham: Springer International Publishing. p. 209-226.|